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The Canadian police force is organized under a unique structure, as there are several different branches of police, which operate at the federal, provincial and municipal level. The entire force is organized under the jurisdiction of the RCMP (Royal Canadian Mounted Police), which is headed by a single Commissioner. This Commissioner reports directly to the Minister of Public Safety for Canada. The RCMP is responsible for enforcing all Canadian laws.

Ontario and Québec, however, have their own provincial police forces, the Ontario Provincial Police and Surete du Québec, although they still report to the RCMP. The remaining provinces contract their provincial policing duties to the RCMP. Additionally, most cities have the authority to maintain their own municipal police forces, such as the Vancouver Police Department, but rural areas generally fall under the jurisdiction of the RCMP.