Canada offers a wide variety of private learning institutions at the elementary and secondary levels. These include Montessori and Waldorf schools, as well as schools dedicated to specific religious, linguistic and cultural groups, and preparatory schools. For entry into private schools, the candidate is usually required to participate in a multi-stage process that includes an admissions interview, entrance examination, registration fee and application fee.

Canada offers private career colleges that support a variety of curricula. Examples include professional development, vocational training, adult literacy, new language training, specialized career studies, re-skilling in preparation for career transitions and continuing education. Students in these schools tend to be adults who may be returning to education to improve their career options.